Everyone goes to work for another reason. One man goes to work to make some money and the other one because he really likes his work. Get to know what you are going to work REALLY for. There are 5 theories which tells you exactly what you are looking for in your job.
1. Intrinsic Motivation Focused on Substantive Aspects of Work
You can really like the fact that you have contact with the costumers or working the machines on your work. This is called intrinsic motivation. You are doing your job because you like what you are doing and not what you are doing it for. Most people who are intrinsically motivated enjoy going to work and have a smaller chance for depression than people who are going to work with extrinsic motivation.
2. Extrinsic Motivation Focused on Goals Outside of Work
When you are extrinsically motivated there are other things which are important to you, like rewards and job security. Those things don’t have to do with the content of your job, but with what you get for doing it. ‘What do I get out of it when I get this job?’ is the most asked question before applying for a job. Because you don’t have any influence on this, it can cause depression sooner than people who are intrinsically motivated.
3. Career Orientation Focused on Learning Opportunities
You are not staying in this function, but planning to make something out of your career and grow in it. You probably really like your job, because you want to learn more about and are ambitious to get more out of it.
4. Easy Orientation Focused on (Avoiding) Onerous Conditions
You don’t like awkward situations and avoid moments when you’re having trouble with your proceedings. You’re maybe a little insecure about your work and your results, but you also are not really interested in taking challenges. On your workday, you’re not busy doing your job, but more avoiding unpleasant situations. It’s fine the way it is now, providing that there are no onerous conditions.
5. Social Orientation Focused on Social Relationships
It’s important for you that you can get along with everyone on the workplace and impress all new employees. You’re job is your runway and everyone knows your name. That’s your goal in your job and it really works when your network is important for doing your job. But it’s also important to you that the ethos in the workplace is filled with good vibes only and there are no hard feelings between co-workers.
Finally, there are some similarities and differences between highly educated people and low-skilled people:
- Highly educated seem to have more intrinsic motivation than low-skilled. It’s important to highly educated people to have a interesting job, low-skilled people think that’s important too, but only when they come new to the labor market.
- Low-skilled people find rewards more important, especially men. Although this difference between men and women disappears on the highest skill-level.
- There are also a few things that are not important to all groups. Those things are security, social benefit and opportunity to promotion. Only highly educated people think the opportunity to promotion is a little bit important.
- Everyone thinks it’s important to have good relationships with their co-workers and to experience a good ethos while doing their job.
- The avoidance of onerous conditions is very important to low-skilled people. With highly educated people this is less important, but they do think it’s important to balance their job with their private life.
People do their jobs better when they think it’s important to them and when they are intrinsically motivated. There are some theories for how to make your employees intrinsically motivated. I could write a book about those,